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Morgan L, New S, Robertson E, Collins G, Rivero-Arias O, Catchpole K, Pickering SP, Hadi M, Griffin D, McCulloch P. Effectiveness of facilitated introduction of a standard operating procedure into routine processes in the operating theatre: a controlled interrupted time series. BMJ Quality & Safety 24:120-127, 2015

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Saremi A, Jula P, ElMekkawy T, Wang GG. Bi-criteria appointment scheduling of patients with heterogeneous service sequences. Expert Systems with Applications 42:4029-4041, 2015

Silva TAO, de Souza MC, Saldanha RR, Burke EK. Surgical scheduling with simultaneous employment of specialised human resources. European Journal of Operational Research 245:719-730, 2015

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Tang J, Wang Y. An adjustable robust optimisation method for elective and emergency surgery capacity allocation with demand uncertainty. International Journal of Production Research 53:7317-7328, 2015

Twinanda AP, Alkan EO, Gangi A, de Mathelin M, Padoy N. Data-driven spatio-temporal RGBD feature encoding for action recognition in operating rooms. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery 10:737-747, 2015

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Wang T, Meskens N, Duvivier D. Scheduling operating theatres: Mixed integer programming vs. constraint programming. European Journal of Operational Research 247:401-413, 2015

Wang Y, Tang J, Pan Z, Yan C. Particle swarm optimization-based planning and scheduling for a laminar-flow operating room with downstream resources. Soft Computing 19:2913-2926, 2015

Xiang W, Li C. Surgery scheduling optimization considering real life constraints and comprehensive operation cost of operating room. Technology and Health Care 23:605-617, 2015

Xiang W, Yin J, Lim G. A short-term operating room surgery scheduling problem integrating multiple nurses roster constraints. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 63:91-106, 2015


Agnetis A, Coppi A, Corsini M, Dellino G, Meloni C, Pranzo M. A decomposition approach for the combined master surgical schedule and surgical case assignment problems. Health Care Management Science 17:49-59, 2014

Azari-Rad S, Yontef A, Aleman DM, Urbach DR. A simulation model for perioperative process improvement. Operations Research for Health Care 3:22-30, 2014

Berg BP, Denton BT, Erdogan SA, Rohleder T, Huschka T. Optimal booking and scheduling in outpatient procedure centers. Computers and Operations Research 50:24-37, 2014

Cappanera P, Visintin F, Banditori C. Comparing resource balancing criteria in master surgical scheduling: a combined optimisation-simulation approach. International Journal of Production Economics 158:179-196, 2014

Choi S, Wilhelm WE. On capacity allocation for operating rooms. Computers and Operations Research 44:174-184, 2014

Choi S, Wilhelm WE. An approach to optimize block surgical schedules. European Journal of Operational Research 235:138-148, 2014

Di Martinelly C, Baptiste P, Maknoon MY. An assessment of the integration of nurse timetable changes with operating room planning and scheduling. International Journal of Production Research 52:7239-7250, 2014

Ewen H, Mönch L. A simulation-based framework to schedule surgeries in an eye hospital. IIE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering 4:191-208, 2014

Fugener A, Hans EW, Kolisch R, Kortbeek N, Vanberkel PT. Master surgery scheduling with consideration of multiple downstream units. European Journal of Operational Research 239:227-236, 2014

Guo M, Wu S, Li B, Rong Y. Maximizing the efficiency of use of nurses under uncertain surgery durations: a case study. Computers & Industrial Engineering 78:313-319, 2014

Mercurio P, Shaffer Ellis A, Schoettker PJ, Stone R, Lenk MA, Ryckman FC. Using improvement science methods to increase accuracy of surgical consents. AORN Journal 100:42-53, 2014

M'Hallah R, Al-Roomi AH. The planning and scheduling of operating rooms: a simulation approach. Computers & Industrial Engineering 78:235-248, 2014

Pulido R, Aguirre AM, Ortega-Mier M, García-Sánchez A, Méndez CA. Managing daily surgery schedules in a teaching hospital: a mixed-integer optimization approach. BMC Health Services Research 14:464, 2014

Sandbaek BE, Helgheim BI, Larsen OI, Fasting S. Impact of changed management policies on operating room efficiency. BMC Health Services Research 14:224, 2014

Shewchuk RM, Carlson GL, Klosterman M, Cullen S, Qu H. Frictions as barriers to perioperative alignment: results from a latent class analysis. Quality Management in Health Care 23:188-200, 2014

Sperandio F, Gomes C, Borges J, Brito AC, Almada-Lobo B. An intelligent decision support system for the operating theater: a case study. IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering 11:265-273, 2014

Stockert EW, Langerman A. Assessing the magnitude and costs of intraoperative inefficiencies attributable to surgical instrument trays. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 219:646-655, 2014

Thorburn H, Khanna S, Boyle J, Good N, Steyn M. Analysis of operating theatre utilisation to drive efficiency and productivity improvements. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 204:163-168, 2014

Tiwari V, Furman WR, Sandberg WS. Predicting case volume from the accumulating elective operating room schedule facilitates staffing improvements. Anesthesiology 121:171-183, 2014

van Essen JT, Bosch JM, Hans EW, van Houdenhoven M, Hurink JL. Reducing the number of required beds by rearranging the OR-schedule. OR Spectrum 36:585-605, 2014

Van Huele C, Vanhoucke M. Analysis of the integration of the physician rostering problem and the surgery scheduling problem. Journal of Medical Systems 38:43, 2014

Wachs JP, Frenkel B, Dori D. Operation room tool handling and miscommunication scenarios: an object-process methodology conceptual model. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine 62:153-163, 2014


Azari-Rad S, Yontef AL, Aleman DM, Urbach DR. Reducing elective general surgery cancellations at a Canadian hospital. Canadian Journal of Surgery 56:113-118, 2013

Banditori C, Cappanera P, Visintin F. A combined optimization–simulation approach to the master surgical scheduling problem. IMA Journal of Management Mathematics 24:155-187, 2013

Berg BP, Murr M, Chermak D, Woodall J, Pignone M, Sandler RS, Denton BT. Estimating the cost of no-shows and evaluating the effects of mitigation strategies. Medical Decision Making 33:976-985, 2013

Bowers J. Balancing operating theatre and bed capacity in a cardiothoracic centre. Health Care Management Science 16:236-244, 2013

Epstein RH, Dexter F. Rescheduling of previously cancelled surgical cases does not increase variability in operating room workload when cases are scheduled based on maximizing efficiency of use of operating room time. Anesthesia & Analgesia 117:995-1002, 2013  

Ferrari LR. The surgical scorecard: a tool to close the loop on or utilization. Hospital Practice 41:80-88, 2013

Hartmann D, Sunjka B. Private theatre utilisation in South Africa: a case study. The South African Medical Journal 103:285-287, 2013

Lehtonen JM, Torkki P, Peltokorpi A, Moilanen T. Increasing operating room productivity by duration categories and a newsvendor model. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance 26:80-92, 2013

Lin QL, Liu L, Liu HC, Wang DJ. Integrating hierarchical balanced scorecard with fuzzy linguistic for evaluating operating room performance in hospitals. Expert Systems with Applications 40:1917-1924, 2013

Lin RC, Sir MY, Pasupathy KS. Multi-objective simulation optimization using data envelopment analysis and genetic algorithm: specific application to determining optimal resource levels in surgical services. Omega 41:881-892, 2013

Meskens N, Duvivier D, Hanset A. Multi-objective operating room scheduling considering desiderata of the surgical team. Decision Support Systems 55:650-659, 2013

Min D, Yih Y. Managing a patient waiting list with time-dependent priority and adverse events. RAIRO - Operations Research 48:53-74, 2013

Shylo OV, Prokopyev OA, Schaefer AJ. Stochastic operating room scheduling for high-volume specialties under block booking. INFORMS Journal on Computing 25:682-692, 2013

Smith CD, Spackman T, Brommer K, Stewart MW, Vizzini M, Frye J, Rupp WC. Re-engineering the operating room using variability methodology to improve health care value. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 216:559-570, 2013

Tanaka M, Lee J, Ikai H, Imanaka Y. Development of efficiency indicators of operating room management for multi-institutional comparisons. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19:335-341, 2013

Wachtel RE, Dexter F. Difficulties and challenges associated with literature searches in operating room management, complete with recommendations. Anesthesia & Analgesia 117:1460-1479, 2013  

Yang M, Fry MJ, Raikhelkar J, Chin C, Anyanwu A, Brand J, Scurlock C. A model to create an efficient and equitable admission policy for patients arriving to the cardiothoracic ICU. Critical Care Medicine 41:414-422, 2013


Baugh R, Li Y. The impact of scheduling policies on surgical clinical access. The Journal of Medical Practice Management 27:371-377, 2012

Choi S, Wilhelm WE. An analysis of sequencing surgeries with durations that follow the lognormal, gamma, or normal distribution. IIE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering 2:156-171, 2012

Damman OC, Spreeuwenberg P, Rademakers J, Hendriks M. Creating compact comparative health care information: what are the key quality attributes to present for cataract and total hip or knee replacement surgery? Medical Decision Making 32:287-300, 2012

Day RW, Garfinkel RS, Thompson SM. Integrated block sharing: a win–win strategy for hospitals and surgeons. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management 14:567–583, 2012

de Groot IB, Otten W, Smeets HJ, Marang-van de Mheen PJ, CHOICE-2 study group. Is the impact of hospital performance data greater in patients who have compared hospitals? BMC Health Services Research 11:214, 2011

Dexter F, Masursky D, Ledolter J, Wachtel RE, Smallman B. Monitoring changes in individual surgeon's workloads using anesthesia data. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia 59:571-577, 2012  

Dexter F, Shi P, Epstein RH. Descriptive study of case scheduling and cancellations within 1 week of the day of surgery. Anesthesia & Analgesia 115:1188-1195, 2012  

Ferrari LR, Micheli A, Whiteley C, Chazaro R, Zurakowski D. Criteria for assessing operating room utilization in a free-standing children's hospital. Pediatric Anesthesia 22:696-706, 2012

He B, Dexter F, Macario A, Zenios S. The timing of staffing decisions in hospital operating room: incorporating workload heterogeneity into the newsvendor problem. Manufacturing & Service Operations Management 14:99-114, 2012

Herring WL, Herrmann JW. The single-day surgery scheduling problem: sequential decision-making and threshold-based heuristics. OR Spectrum 34:429-459, 2012

Jeang A, Chiang AJ. Economic and quality scheduling for effective utilization of operating rooms. Journal of Medical Systems 36:1205-1222, 2012

Majeed MU, Williams DT, Pollock R, Amir F, Liam M, Foong KS, Whitaker CJ. Delay in discharge and its impact on unnecessary hospital bed occupancy. BMC Health Services Research 12:410, 2012

Mannino C, Nilssen EJ, Nordlander TE. A pattern based, robust approach to cyclic master surgery scheduling. Journal of Scheduling 15:553-563, 2012

Marques I, Captivo ME, Pato MV. An integer programming approach to elective surgery scheduling. OR Spectrum 34:407-427, 2012

Pandit JJ, Abbott T, Pandit M, Kapila A, Abraham R. Is 'starting on time' useful (or useless) as a surrogate measure for 'surgical theatre efficiency'? Anaesthesia 67:823-832, 2012

Rizk C, Arnaout JP. ACO for the surgical cases assignment problem. Journal of Medical Systems 36:1191-1199, 2012

Saremi A, Jula P, ElMekkawy, T, Wang GG. Appointment scheduling of outpatient surgical services in a multistage operating room department. International Journal of Production Economics 141:646–658, 2013

Segev D, Levi R, Dunn PF, Sandberg WS. Modeling the impact of changing patient transportation systems on peri-operative process performance in a large hospital: insights from a computer simulation study. Health Care Management Science 15:155-169, 2012

Stuart K, Kozan E. Reactive scheduling model for the operating theatre. Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal 24:400-421, 2012

Sulecki L, Dexter F, Zura A, Saager L, Epstein RH. Lack of value of scheduling processes to move cases from a heavily used main campus to other facilities within a healthcare system. Anesthesia & Analgesia 115:395-401, 2012  

van Essen JT, Hurink JL, Hartholt W, van den Akker BJ. Decision support system for the operating room rescheduling problem. Health Care Management Science 15:355-372, 2012

Vansteenkiste N, Lamote C, Vandersmissen J, Luysmans P, Monnens P, De Voldere G, Kips J, Rademakers FE. Reallocation of operating room capacity using the due-time model. Medical Care 50:779-784, 2012

Wu RL, Aufses AH Jr. Characteristics and costs of surgical scheduling errors. American Journal of Surgery 204:468-473, 2012


Batun S, Denton BT, Huschka TR, Schaefer AJ. Operating room pooling and parallel surgery processing under uncertainty. INFORMS Journal on Computing 23:230-237, 2011

Chow VS, Puterman ML, Salehirad N, Huang W, Atkins D. Reducing surgical ward congestion through improved surgical scheduling and uncapacitated simulation. Production and Operations Management 20:418-430, 2011

Dexter F, Wachtel RE, Epstein RH. Event-based knowledge elicitation of operating room management decision-making using scenarios adapted from information systems data. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 11:2, 2011  

Gul S, Denton BT, Fowler JW, Huschka T. Bi-criteria scheduling of surgical services for an outpatient procedure center. Production and Operations Management 20:406-417, 2011

Kumar S. Modeling hospital surgical delivery process design using system simulation: optimizing patient flow and bed capacity as an illustration. Technology and Health Care 19:1-20, 2011

Ledolter J, Dexter F. Analysis of interventions influencing or reducing patient waiting while stratifying by surgical procedure. Anesthesia & Analgesia 112:950-957, 2011  

Lewis HF, Sexton TR, Dolan MA An efficiency-based multicriteria strategic planning model for ambulatory surgery centers. Journal of Medical Systems 35:1029-1037, 2011

Liu Y, Chu CB, Wang KL. A new heuristic algorithm for the operating room scheduling problem. Computers & Industrial Engineering 61:865-871, 2011

Mobasher A, Lim G, Bard JF, Jordan V. Daily scheduling of nurses in operating suites. IIE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering 1:232-246, 2011

Peltokorpi A. How do strategic decisions and operative practices affect operating room productivity? Health Care Management Science 14:370-382, 2011

Riise A, Burke EK. Local search for the surgery admission planning problem. Journal of Heuristics 17:389-414, 2011

Schuld J, Justinger C, Kollmar O, Schilling MK, Richter S. Contribution of final-year medical students to operation room performance - economical and educational implications. Langenbecks Archives of Surgery 396:1239-1244, 2011

Sobolev BG, Sanchez V, Vasilakis C. Systematic review of the use of computer simulation modeling of patient flow in surgical care. Journal of Medical Systems 35:1-16, 2011

van Oostrum JM, Parlevliet T, Wagelmans APM, Kazemier G. A method for clustering surgical cases to allow master surgical scheduling. Information Systems and Operational Research 49:254-260, 2011

Vanberkel PT, Boucherie RJ, Hans EW, Hurink JL, van Lent WA, van Harten WH. Accounting for inpatient wards when developing master surgical schedules. Anesthesia & Analgesia 112:1472-1479, 2011

Vanberkel PT, Boucheriel RJ, Hans EW, Hurink JL, van Lent WAM, van Harten WH. An exact approach for relating recovering surgical patient workload to the master surgical schedule. Journal of the Operational Research Society 62:1851-1860, 2011


Augusto V, Xie X, Perdomo V. Operating theatre scheduling with patient recovery in both operating rooms and recovery beds. Computers & Industrial Engineering 58: 231-238, 2010

Cardoen B, Demeulemeester E, Beliën J. Operating room planning and scheduling: A literature review. European Journal of Operational Research 201:921-932, 2010

Cardoen B, Demeulemeester E, Van der Hoeven J. On the use of planning models in the operating theatre: results of a survey in Flanders. International Journal of Health Planning and Management 25:400-414, 2010

Denton BT, Miller AJ, Balasubramanian HJ, Huschka TR. Optimal allocation of surgery blocks to operating rooms under uncertainty. Operations Research 58:1-15, 2010

Dexter F, Masursky D, Wachtel RE, Nussmeier NA. Application of an online reference for reviewing basic statistical principles of operating room management. American Statistical Association: Journal of Statistics Education 18(3), 2010  

Fei H, Meskens N, Chu C. A planning and scheduling problem for an operating theatre using an open scheduling strategy. Computers & Industrial Engineering 58:221-230, 2010

Pandit JJ, Pandit M, Reynard JM. Understanding waiting lists as the matching of surgical capacity to demand: are we wasting enough surgical time? Anaesthesia 65:625-640, 2010

Persson MJ, Persson JA. Analysing management policies for operating room planning using simulation. Health Care Management Science 13:182-191, 2010

Steins K, Persson F, Holmer M. Increasing utilization in a hospital operating department using simulation modeling. Simulation-Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International 86:463-480, 2010

Tanfani E, Testi A. A pre-assignment heuristic algorithm for the Master Surgical Schedule Problem (MSSP). Annals of Operations Research 178:105-119, 2010

van Oostrum JM, Bredenhoff E, Hans EW. Suitability and managerial implications of a Master Surgical Scheduling approach. Annals of Operations Research 178:91-104, 2010

Wachtel RE, Dexter F, Barry B, Applegeet C. Use of state discharge abstract data to identify hospitals performing similar types of operative procedures. Anesthesia & Analgesia 110:1146-1154, 2010  


Adan I, Bekkers J, Dellaert N, Vissers J, Yu X. Patient mix optimisation and stochastic resource requirements: A case study in cardiothoracic surgery planning. Health Care Management Science 12:129-141, 2009

Baumgart A, Denz C, Bender HJ, Schleppers A. Show work context affects operating room processes: using data mining and computer simulation to analyze facility and process design. Quality Management in Health Care 18:305-314, 2009

Beliën J, Demeulemeester E, Cardoen B. A decision support system for cyclic master surgery scheduling with multiple objectives. Journal of Scheduling 12:147-161, 2009

Cardoen B, Demeulemeester E, Beliën E. Sequencing surgical cases in a day-care environment an exact branch-and-price approach. Computers & Operations Research 36:2260-2669, 2009

Cardoen B, Demeulemeester E, Beliën J. Optimizing a multiple objective surgical case sequencing problem. International Journal of Production Economics 119:354-366, 2009

Dexter F, Birchansky L, Bernstein JM, Wachtel RE. Case scheduling preferences of one surgeon's cataract surgery patients. Anesthesia & Analgesia 108:579-582, 2009  

Fei H, Chu C, Meskens N. Solving a tactical operating room planning problem by a column-generation-based heuristic procedure with four criteria. Annals of Operations Research 166:91-108, 2009

Kolker A. Process modeling of ICU patient flow: effect of daily load leveling of elective surgeries on ICU diversion. Journal of Medical Systems 33:27-40, 2009

O'Neill L, Dexter F, Wachtel RE. Should anesthesia groups advocate funding of clinics and scheduling systems to increase operating room workload? Anesthesiology 111:1016-1024, 2009  

Pandit JJ, Dexter F. Lack of sensitivity of staffing for 8-hour sessions to standard deviation in daily actual hours of operating room time used for surgeons with long queues. Anesthesia & Analgesia 108:1910-1915, 2009  

Pandit JJ, Stubbs D, Pandit M. Measuring the quantitative performance of surgical operating lists: theoretical modeling of ‘productive potential’ and ‘efficiency’. Anaesthesia 64:473-486, 2009

Ryckman FC, Yelton PA, Anneken AM, Kiessling PE, Schoettker PJ, Kotagal UR. Redesigning intensive care unit flow using variability management to improve access and safety. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 35:535-543, 2009

Testi A, Tànfani E. Tactical and operational decisions for operating room planning: Efficiency and welfare implications. Health Care Management Science 12:363-373, 2009

van Det MJ, Meijerink WJ, Hoff C, Pierie JP. Interoperative efficiency in minimally invasive surgery suites. Surgical Endoscopy 23:2332-2337, 2009

Wachtel RE, Dexter F. Influence of the operating room schedule on tardiness from scheduled start times. Anesthesia & Analgesia 108:1889-1901, 2009  

Wachtel RE, Dexter F. Reducing tardiness from scheduled start times by making adjustments to the operating room schedule. Anesthesia & Analgesia 108:1902-1909, 2009  

Westbury S, Pandit M, Pandit JJ. Matching surgical operating capacity to demand using estimates of operating times. Journal of Health Organisation and Management 23:554-567, 2009

Zhang B, Murali P, Dessouky MM, Belson D. A mixed integer programming approach for allocating operating room capacity. Journal of the Operational Research Society 60:663-673, 2009


Belien J, Demeulemeester E. A branch-and-price approach for integrating nurse and surgery scheduling. European Journal of Operational Research 189:652-668, 2008

Chaabane S, Meskens N, Guinet A, Laurent M. Comparison of two methods of operating theatre planning: Application in Belgian Hospital. Journal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering 17:171-186, 2008

Dexter F, O'Neill L, Lei X, Ledolter J. Sensitivity of super-efficient data envelopment analysis results to individual decision-making units: an example of surgical workload by specialty. Health Care Management Science 11:307-318, 2008

Faiz O, Tekkis P, McGuire A, Papagrigoriadis S, Rennie J, Leather A. Is theatre utilization a valid performance indicator for NHS operating theatres?. BMC Health Services Research 8:28, 2008

Fei H, Chu C, Meskens N, Artiba A. Solving surgical cases assignment problem by a branch-and-price approach. International Journal of Production Economics 112:96-108, 2008

Hans E, Wullink G, van Houdenhoven M, Kazemier G. Robust surgery loading. European Journal of Operational Research 185:1038-1050, 2008

Lamiri M, Xie XL, Dolgui A, Grimaud F. A stochastic model for operating room planning with elective and emergency demand for surgery. European Journal of Operational Research 185:1026-1037, 2008

Lin F, Lawley M, Spry C, McCarthy K, Coyle-Rogers PG, Yih Y. Using simulation to design a central sterilization department. AORN Journal 88:555-567, 2008

Masursky D, Dexter F, O’Leary CE, Applegeet C, Nussmeier NA. Long-term forecasting of anesthesia workload in operating rooms from changes in a hospital’s local population can be inaccurate. Anesthesia & Analgesia 106:1223-1231, 2008  

Moore IC, Strum DP, Vargas LG, Thomson DJ. Observations on surgical demand time series: detection and resolution of holiday variance. Anesthesiology 109:408-416, 2008

Nagy PG, Konewko R, Warnock M, Bernstein W, Seagull J, Xiao Y, George I, Park A. Novel, web-based, information-exploration approach for improving operating room logistics and system processes. Surgical Innovation 15:7-16, 2008

Peltokorpi A, Lehtonen JM, Kujala J, Kouri J. Operating room cost management in cardiac surgery: a simulation study. International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management 9:60 - 73, 2008

Pham DN, Klinkert A. Surgical case scheduling as a generalized job shop scheduling problem. European Journal of Operational Research 185:1011-1025, 2008

Reymondon F, Pellet B, Marcon E. Optimization of hospital sterilization costs proposing new grouping choices of medical devices into packages. International Journal of Production Economics 112:326-335, 2008

Sobolev B, Harel D, Vasilakis C, Levy A. Using the statecharts paradigm for simulation of patient flow in surgical care. Health Care Management Science 11:79-86, 2008

van de Klundert J, Muls P, Schadd M. Optimizing sterilization logistics in hospitals. Health Care Manag Sci 11:23-33, 2008

Van Houdenhoven M, van Oostrum JM, Wullink G, Hans E, Hurink JL, Bakker J, Kazemier G. Fewer intensive care unit refusals and a higher capacity utilization by using a cyclic surgical case schedule. Journal of Critical Care 23:222-226, 2008

van Oostrum JM, van Houdenhoven M, Hurink JL, Hans EW, Wullink G, Kazemier G. A master surgical scheduling approach for cyclic scheduling in operating room departments. OR Spectrum 30:355-374, 2008

Wachtel RE, Dexter F. Tactical increases in operating room block time for capacity planning should not be based on utilization. Anesthesia & Analgesia 106:215-226, 2008  


Beliën J, Demeulemeester EL. Building cyclic master surgery schedules with leveled resulting bed occupancy. European Journal of Operational Research 176:1185-1204, 2007

Denton B, Viapiano J, Vogl A. Optimization of surgery sequencing and scheduling decisions under uncertainty. Health Care Management Science 10:13-24, 2007

Fairbanks CB. Using six sigma and lean methodologies to improve OR throughput. AORN Journal 86:73-82, 2007

Gupta D. Surgical suites’ operations management. Production and Operations Management 16:689-700, 2007

Hans EW, Nieberg T. Operating room manager game. INFORMS Transactions on Education 8:25-36, 2007

Lehtonen JM, Kujala J, Kouri J, Hippelainen M. Cardiac surgery productivity and throughput improvements. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance 20:40-52, 2007

McGowan JE, Truwit JD, Cipriano P, Howell RE, VanBree M, Garson A Jr, Hanks JB. Operating room efficiency and hospital capacity: factors affecting operating room use during maximum hospital census. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 204:865-872, 2007

O'Neill L, Dexter F. Tactical increases in operating room block time based on financial data and market growth estimates from data envelopment analysis. Anesthesia & Analgesia 104:355-368, 2007  

Oudhoff JP, Timmermans DR, Rietberg M, Knol DL, Van der Wal G. The acceptability of waiting times for elective general surgery and the appropriateness of prioritising patients. BMC Health Services Research 7(1):32, 2007

Santibáñez P, Begen M, Atkins D. Surgical block scheduling in a system of hospitals: an application to resource and wait list management in a British Columbia health authority. Health Care Management Science 10:269-282, 2007

Schwappach DLB, Strasmann TJ. Does location matter? A study of the public’s preferences for surgical care provision. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13:259-264, 2007

Stahl JE, Goldman JM, Rattner DW, Gazelle GS. Adapting to a new system of surgical technologies and perioperative processes among clinicians. Journal of Surgical Research 139:61-67, 2007

Testi A, Tanfani E, Torre G. A three-phase approach for operating theatre schedules. Health Care Management Science 10:163-172, 2007

Van Houdenhoven M, Hans EW, Klein J, Wullink G, Kazemier G. A norm utilisation for scarce hospital resources: evidence from operating rooms in a Dutch university hospital. Journal of Medical Systems 31:231-236, 2007

Van Houdenhoven M, van Oostrum JM, Hans EW, Wullink G, Kazemier G. Improving operating room efficiency by applying bin-packing and portfolio techniques to surgical case scheduling. Anesthesia & Analgesia 105:707-714, 2007

Wilson CT, Woloshin S, Schwartz LM. Choosing where to have major surgery: who makes the decision? Archives of Surgery 142:242-246, 2007


Basson MD, Butler T. Evaluation of operating room suite efficiency in the Veterans Health Administration system by using data-envelopment analysis. American Journal of Surgery 192:649-656, 2006

Beliën J, Demeulemeester E, Cardoen B. Visualizing the demand for various resources as a function of the master surgery schedule: a case study. Journal of Medical Systems 30:343-350, 2006

Dexter F, Weih LS, Gustafson RK, Stegura LF, Oldenkamp MJ, Wachtel RE. Observational study of operating room times for knee and hip replacement surgery at nine US community hospitals. Health Care Management Science 9:325-339, 2006

Gable WH, Pappas TN, Jacobs DO, Cutler DA, Kuo PC. Productivity measures associated with a patient access initiative. Annals of Surgery 243:604-611, 2006

Hu PF, Xiao Y, Ho D, Mackenzie CF, Hu H, Voigt R, Martz D. Advanced visualization platform for surgical operating room coordination: distributed video board system. Surgical Innovation 13:129-135, 2006

Huang F, Liu SC, Shih SM, Tao YH, Wu JY, Jeng SY, Chang P. A web-based short messaging service system to enhance family-centered surgical patient care. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 122:163-166, 2006

Jebali A, Alouane ABH, Ladet P. Operating rooms scheduling. International Journal of Production Economics 99:52-62, 2006

Macario A. Are your hospital operating rooms "efficient"?: a scoring system with eight performance indicators. Anesthesiology 105:237-240, 2006

Mariano ER, Chu LF, Ramamoorthy C, Macario A. Scheduling elective pediatric procedures that require anesthesia: the perspective of parents. Anesthesia & Analgesia 103:1426-1431, 2006

Marjamaa RA, Torkki PM, Torkki MI, Kirvela OA. Time accuracy of a radio frequency identification patient tracking system for recording operating room timestamps. Anesthesia & Analgesia 102:1183-1186, 2006

McIntosh C, Dexter F, Epstein RH. Impact of service-specific staffing, case scheduling, turnovers, and first-case starts on anesthesia group and operating room productivity: tutorial using data from an Australian hospital. Anesthesia & Analgesia 103:1499-1516, 2006  

Siciliani L. A dynamic model of supply of elective surgery in the presence of waiting times and waiting lists. Journal of Health Economics 25:891-907, 2006

Sokal SM, Craft DL, Chang Y, Sandberg WS, Berger DL. Maximizing operating room and recovery room capacity in an era of constrained resources. Archives of Surgery 141:389-395, 2006


Bowers J, Mould G. Ambulatory care and orthopaedic capacity planning. Health Care Management Science 8:41-47, 2005

Calichman MV. Creating an optimal operating room schedule. AORN Journal 81:580-588, 2005

Dexter F, Ledolter J, Wachtel RE. Tactical decision making for selective expansion of operating room resources incorporating financial criteria and uncertainty in subspecialties’ future workloads. Anesthesia & Analgesia 100:1425-1432, 2005  

Dexter F, Wachtel RE, Sohn MW, Ledolter J, Dexter EU, Macario A. Quantifying effect of a hospital’s caseload for a surgical specialty on that of another hospital using market segments including procedure, payer, and locations of patients’ residences. Health Care Management Science 8:121-131, 2005

Mulholland MW, Abrahamse P, Bahl V. Linear programming to optimize performance in a department of surgery. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 200:861-868, 2005

O'Neill L, Dexter F. Methods for understanding super-efficient data envelopment analysis results with an application to hospital inpatient surgery. Health Care Management Science 8:291-298, 2005

Resnick AS, Corrigan D, Mullen JL, Kaiser LR. Surgeon contribution to hospital bottom line: not all are created equal. Annals of Surgery 242:530-537, 2005

Schwartz LM, Woloshin S, Birkmeyer JD. How do elderly patients decide where to go for major surgery? Telephone interview survey. BMJ 331:821, 2005

Siciliani L. Does more choice reduce waiting times? Health Economics 14:17-23, 2005

Toyabe S, Cao P, Kurashima S, Nakayama Y, Ishii Y, Hosoyama N, Akazawa K. Actual and estimated costs of disposable materials used during surgical procedures. Health Policy 73:52-57, 2005

Vissers JMH, Adan JBF, Bekkers JA. Patient mix optimization in cardiothoracic surgery planning: a case study. IMA Journal of Management Mathematics 16:281-304, 2005

Wachtel RE, Dexter F, Lubarsky DA. Financial implications of a hospital's specialization in rare physiologically complex surgical procedures. Anesthesiology 103:161-167, 2005  


De Deyne C, Heylen R. Introduction of an operating room information management system improved overall operating room efficiency. Studies in Health Technology & Informatics 110:61-67, 2004

Dexter F, Epstein RH, Traub RD, Xiao Y. Making management decisions on the day of surgery based on operating room efficiency and patient waiting times. Anesthesiology 101:1444-1453, 2004  

Dexter F, Epstein RH. Review of operational decision making before the day of surgery based on operating room efficiency. Journal Européen des Systèmes Automatisés 38:603-630, 2004

Dexter F, Lubarsky DA. Using length of stay data from a hospital to evaluate whether limiting elective surgery at the hospital is an inappropriate decision. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 16:421-425, 2004

Dexter F, Macario A. When to release allocated operating room time to increase operating room efficiency. Anesthesia & Analgesia 98:758-762, 2004  

Dexter F, O'Neill L. Data envelopment analysis to determine by how much hospitals can increase elective inpatient surgical workload for each specialty. Anesthesia & Analgesia 99:1492-1500, 2004  

McManus ML, Long MC, Cooper A, Litvak E. Queuing theory accurately models the need for critical care resources. Anesthesiology 100:1271-1276, 2004

O'Neill L, Dexter F. Market capture of inpatient perioperative services using data envelopment analysis. Health Care Management Science 7:263-273, 2004

Seagull FJ, Xiao Y, Plasters C. Information accuracy and sampling effort: a field study of surgical scheduling coordination. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Part A. 34:764-771, 2004


Abouleish AE, Hensley SL, Zornow MH, Prough DS. Inclusion of turnover time does not influence identification of surgical services that over- and underutilize allocated block time. Anesthesia & Analgesia 96:813-818, 2003

Chaabane S, Guinet A, Smolski N, Guiraud M, Luquet B, Marcon E, Viale JP. The industrial management and the management of surgical units. Annales Francaises d Anesthesie et de Reanimation 22:904-908, 2003

Dexter F, Epstein R. Optimizing second shift OR staffing. AORN Journal 77:825-830, 2003

Dexter F, Ledolter H. Managing risk and expected financial return from selective expansion of operating room capacity. Mean-variance analysis of a hospital’s portfolio of surgeons. Anesthesia & Analgesia 97:190-195, 2003  

Dexter F, Smith TC, Tatman DJ, Macario A. Physicians’ perceptions of minimum time that should be saved to move a surgical case from one operating room to another: internet-based survey of the Association of Anesthesia Clinical Directors’ (AACD) members. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 15:206-210, 2003

Dexter F, Traub RD, Macario A, Lubarsky DA. Operating room utilization alone is not an accurate metric for the allocation of operating room block time to individual surgeons with low caseloads. Anesthesiology 98:1243-1249, 2003  

Dexter F, Traub RD, Macario A. How to release allocated operating room time to increase efficiency - Predicting which surgical service will have the most under-utilized operating room time. Anesthesia & Analgesia 96:507-512, 2003  

Dzoljic M, Zimmerman M, Legemate D, Klazinga NS. Reduced nursing work time and surgical productivity and economics. Anesthesia & Analgesia 97:1127-1132, 2003

Guinet A, Chaabane S. Operating theatre planning. International Journal of Production Economics 85:69-81, 2003

Kuo PC, Schroeder RA, Mahaffey S, Bollinger RR. Optimization of operating room allocation using linear programming techniques. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 197:889-895, 2003

Lebowitz P. Schedule the short procedure first to improve OR efficiency. AORN Journal 78:651-658, 2003

Malalasekera AP, Ariyaratne MH, Fernando R, Perera D, Deen KI. Cost accounting in a surgical unit in a teaching hospital - a pilot study. Ceylon Medical Journal 48:71-74, 2003

Marcon E, Kharraja S, Simonnet G. The operating theatre planning by the follow-up of the risk of no realization. International Journal of Production Economics 85:83-90, 2003

McLeod H, Ham C, Kipping R. Booking patients for hospital admissions: evaluation of a pilot programme for day cases. BMJ 327:1147-1152, 2003

McManus ML, Long MC, Cooper A, Mandell J, Berwick DM, Pagano M, Litvak E. Variability in surgical caseload and access to intensive care services. Anesthesiology 98:1491-1496, 2003

Ogulata SN, Erol R. A hierarchical multiple criteria mathematical programming approach for scheduling general surgery operations in large hospitals. Journal of Medical Systems 27:259-270, 2003

Tyler DC, Pasquariello CA, Chen CH. Determining optimum operating room utilization. Anesthesia & Analgesia 96:1114-1121, 2003

Weinbroum AA. Efficiency of the operating room suite. The American Journal of Surgery 185:244-250, 2003


Adan JBF, Vissers JMH. Patient mix optimisation in hospital admission planning: a case study. International Journal of Operations and Production Management 22:445-461, 2002

Blake JT, Carter MW. A goal programming approach to strategic resource allocation in acute care hospitals. European Journal of Operational Research 140:541-561, 2002

Blake JT, Dexter F, Donald J. Operating room managers’ use of integer programming for assigning allocated block time to surgical groups: a case study. Anesthesia & Analgesia 94:143-148, 2002  

Coley KC, Williams BA, DaPos SV, Chen C, Smith RB. Retrospective evaluation of unanticipated admissions and readmissions after same day surgery and associated costs. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 14:349-353, 2002

Dexter F, Blake JT, Penning DH, Lubarsky DA. Calculating a potential increase in hospital margin for elective surgery by changing operating room time allocations or increasing nursing staffing to permit completion of more cases: a case study. Anesthesia & Analgesia 94:138-142, 2002  

Dexter F, Blake JT, Penning DH, Sloan B, Chung P, Lubarsky DA. Use of linear programming to estimate impact of changes in a hospital’s operating room time allocation on perioperative variable costs. Anesthesiology 96:718-724, 2002  

Dexter F, Lubarsky DA, Blake JT. Sampling error can significantly affect measured hospital financial performance of surgeons and resulting operating room time allocations. Anesthesia & Analgesia 95:184-188, 2002  

Dexter F, Macario A. Changing allocations of operating room time from a system based on historical utilization to one where the aim is to schedule as many surgical cases as possible. Anesthesia & Analgesia 94:1272-1279, 2002  

Dexter F, Traub RD. How to schedule elective surgical cases into specific operating rooms to maximize the efficiency of use of operating room time. Anesthesia & Analgesia 94:933-942, 2002  

Epstein RH, Dexter F. Statistical power analysis to estimate how many months of data are required to identify operating room staffing solutions to reduce labor costs and increase productivity. Anesthesia & Analgesia 94:640-643, 2002  

Epstein RH, Dexter F. Uncertainty in knowing the operating rooms in which cases were performed has little effect on operating room allocations or efficiency. Anesthesia & Analgesia 95:1726-1730, 2002  

Everett JE. A decision support simulation model for the management of elective surgery waiting system. Health Care Management Science 5:89-95, 2002

Gallivan S, Utley M, Treasure T, Valencia O. Booked inpatient admission and hospital capacity: mathematical modelling study. British Medical Journal 324:280-282, 2002

Harper PR. A framework for operational modeling of hospital resources. Health Care Management Science 5:167-173, 2002

Junger A, Benson M, Quinzio L, Michel A, Sciuk G, Brammen D, Marquardt K, Hempelmann G. An Anesthesia Information Management System as a tool for controlling resource management of operating rooms. Methods of Information in Medicine 41:81-85, 2002

Lovejoy WS, Li Y. Hospital operating room capacity expansion. Management Science 48:1369-1387, 2002

Sieber TJ, Leibundgut DL. Operating room management and strategies in Switzerland: results of a survey. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 19:415-423, 2002


Dexter F, Epstein RH, Marsh HM. Statistical analysis of weekday operating room anesthesia group staffing at nine independently managed surgical suites. Anesthesia & Analgesia 92:1493-1498, 2001  

Dexter F, Macario A, Lubarsky DA. Impact on revenue of increasing patient volume at surgical suites with relatively high operating room utilization. Anesthesia & Analgesia 92:1215-1221, 2001  

Dexter F, Traub RD, Lebowitz P. Scheduling a delay between different surgeons’ cases in the same operating room on the same day using upper prediction bounds for case durations. Anesthesia & Analgesia 92:943-946, 2001  

Macario A, Dexter F, Traub RD. Hospital profitability per hour of operating room time can vary among surgeons. Anesthesia & Analgesia 93:669-675, 2001  

Rouse A, Wilson R, Stevens A. If the NHS introduced a ’50 procedures a year’ policy, what proportion of consultant forms would be affected? Journal of Public Health Medicine 23:65-68, 2001

Shelver SR, Winston L. Improving surgical on-time starts through common goals. AORN Journal 74(4):506-513, 2001


Bardram JE. Temporal coordination - on time and coordination of collaborative activities at a surgical department. Computer Supported Cooperative Work 9:157-187, 2000

Dexter F, Macario A, O’Neill L. Scheduling surgical cases into overflow block time - computer simulation of the effects of scheduling strategies on operating room labor costs. Anesthesia & Analgesia 90:980-986, 2000  

Dexter F, Macario A, Traub RD. Enterprise-wide patient scheduling information systems to coordinate surgical clinic and operating room scheduling can impair operating room efficiency. Anesthesia & Analgesia 91:617-626, 2000  

Dexter F, Traub RD. Sequencing cases in operating rooms - predicting whether one surgical case will last longer than another. Anesthesia & Analgesia 90:975-979, 2000  

Dexter F, Traub RD. Lack of systematic month-to-month variation over one year periods in ambulatory surgery caseload - application to anesthesia staffing. Anesthesia & Analgesia 91:1426-1430, 2000  

Epstein RH, Dexter F. Economic analysis of linking operating room scheduling and hospital material management information systems for just in time inventory control. Anesthesia & Analgesia 91:337-343, 2000  

Kim SC, Horowitz I, Young KK, Buckley TA. Flexible bed allocation and performance in the intensive care unit. Journal of Operations Management 18:427-443, 2000

Macario A, Dexter F. Effect of compensation and patient scheduling on operating room labor costs. AORN Journal 71:860-869, 2000

Ozkarahan I. Allocation of surgeries to operating rooms by goal programming. Journal of Medical Systems 24:339-378, 2000

Taheri PA, Butz DA, Greenfield LJ. Length of stay has minimal impact on the cost of hospital admission. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 191:123-130, 2000


Dexter F, Macario A, Lubarsky DA, Burns DD. Statistical method to evaluate management strategies to decrease variability in operating room utilization - Application of linear statistical modeling and Monte-Carlo simulation to operating room management. Anesthesiology 91:262-274, 1999  

Dexter F, Macario A, Qian F, Traub RD. Forecasting surgical groups’ total hours of elective cases for allocation of block time - Application of time series analysis to operating room management. Anesthesiology 91:1501-1508, 1999  

Dexter F, Macario A, Traub RD, Hopwood M, Lubarsky DA. An operating room scheduling strategy to maximize the use of operating room block time - Computer simulation of patient scheduling and survey of patients’ preferences for surgical waiting time. Anesthesia & Analgesia 89:7-20, 1999  

Lapierre SD, Batson C, McCaskey S. Improving on-time performance in health care organizations: a case study. Health Care Management Science 2:27-34, 1999

Spangler WE, Strum DP, Vargas LG, May JH. Computer-based operational and decision support for surgical services. International Journal of Healthcare Technology and Management 2:15-36, 1999

Strum DP, Vargas LG, May JH. Surgical subspecialty block utilization and capacity planning. A minimal cost analysis model. Anesthesiology 90:1176-1185, 1999


Dexter F. Regional anesthesia does not significantly change surgical time versus general anesthesia - a meta-analysis of randomized studies. Regional Anesthesia & Pain Management 23:439-443, 1998

Vitez TS, Macario A. Setting performance standards for an anesthesia department. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 10:166-175, 1998


Rosenblatt WH, Chavez A, Tenney D, Silverman DG. Assessment of the economic impact of an overage reduction program in the operating room. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 9:478-481, 1997

Rotondi AJ, Brindis C, Cantees KK, DeRiso BM, Ilkin HM, Palmer JS, Gunnerson HB, Watkins WD. Benchmarking the perioperative process. I. Patient routing systems: a method for continual improvement of patient flow and resource utilization. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 9:159-167, 1997

Sier D, Tobin P, McGurk C. Scheduling surgical procedures. Journal of the Operational Research Society 48:884-891, 1997

Strum DP, Vargas LG, May JH, Bashein G. Surgical suite utilization and capacity planning: a minimal cost analysis model. Journal of Medical Systems 21:309-322, 1997


Donham RT, Mazzei WJ, Jones RL. Procedural times glossary. American Journal of Anesthesiology 23:5 Suppl. 4-12, 1996

Gerchak Y, Gupta D, Henig M. Reservation planning for elective surgery under uncertain demand for emergency surgery. Management Science 42:321-334, 1996

Truong A, Tessler MJ, Kleiman SJ, Bensimon M. Late operating room starts: experience with an education trial. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 43:1233-1236, 1996


Gaynor M, Anderson GF. Uncertain demand, the structure of hospital costs, and the cost of empty hospital beds. Journal of Health Economics 14:291-317, 1995

Ozkarahan I. Allocation of surgical procedures to operating rooms. Journal of Medical Systems. 19:333-352, 1995


Kennedy, MH. Bin-packing, knapsack, and chance-constrained approaches to operating room scheduling [dissertation]. Troy, New York: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Department of Decision Sciences and Engineering Systems, 1992


Warnock-Matheron AG, Hannah KJ. Comparative analysis of computer-based operating room information systems: an evaluation research study. Computers in Nursing. 6:147-156, 1988


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